DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20173893

Management of diabetic foot ulcers in a teaching hospital

Rajkumar Sade, Dasharadha Jatothu, . Taruni, Kirthana Sade, Nagababu Pyadala

Abstract


Background: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are major public health problem, especially in developing countries. Still now management of diabetic foot ulcer is the major challenge for surgeons.

Methods: A prospective study was done at Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Narketpally; from February 2014 to January 2017. All the collected data was analyzed by the SPSS 20.0 software.

Results: A total of 350 DFUs patients was included in this study. Among all of them 77.14% were male and 22.86% were female. Most common age group with DFUs was 40-60 years. All the patients had type 2 diabetes mellitus. The majority of patients were presented foot ulcers between 4 weeks to 32 weeks. 18% patients had previous history of DFUs and 11.14% had previous amputation. The forefoot was commonly affected in 48.3% of cases. Neuropathic ulcers were the most common type of DFUs in 50.6% of cases. Wagner's stage 3, 4 and 5 ulcers were the most common at 20.86%, 28% and 22% respectively. 52.86% patients were treated surgically. Lower limb amputation was the most common surgical procedure performed in 60% of cases. The complication rate was (49.7%) and surgical site infection was the most common complication (34.8%). 60% of cultures had polymicrobial growth and Staphylococcus aureus (53.3%) was the most common microorganism isolated. Most of the microorganisms isolated showed multi drug resistance to commonly used antibiotics except for Carbapenems group drugs (sensitivity 100%). The hospital stay was ranged between 15-116 days. Mortality rate was 9.4%.

Conclusions: Diabetic foot ulcer is the major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with diabetes mellitus. A proper education on foot care and appropriate foot ware, good sugar level control and early surgical intervention is needed to decrease the morbidity and mortality among diabetic foot ulcer patients.


Keywords


Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), Prevalence, Surgical management, Type 2 diabetes

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