DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20213969

A comparative analysis of urine trypsinogen-2 test strip with serum lipase and serum amylase in diagnosis of acute pancreatitis

Satish Kumar R., Ashik Aslam, Nitish S., Gagan S. Prakash

Abstract


Background: Acute pancreatitis possess difficulty in diagnosis in its emergency presentation. Hence segregation of this disease from other specific or non-specific causes of acute abdomen is important. In majority of the suspected cases, the urinary trypsinogen-2 test strip can be used to detect this disease, especially in emergency set-up. The aim and objective of the study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of urinary trypsinogen-2 and to compare it with that of the standard biochemical markers of acute pancreatitis serum amylase and serum lipase.

Methods: All patients who presented to the surgical emergency with symptoms and signs suspicious of acute pancreatitis were included in the study, rapid urinary trypsinogen-2 test was done immediately at the bed side, serum amylase and lipase was send for all cases along with routine investigations.

Results: The urinary trypsinogen-2 test was sensitive in 96.1% cases and specific in 82.6% cases. The sensitivity is superior to that of serum lipase (sensitivity-90.2%) and serum amylase (sensitivity-84.3%). The high sensitivity of the urinary trypsinogen-2 test resulted in very high negative predictive value of 90.5%, hence a negative test almost rules out the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis.

Conclusions: In patients with acute abdominal pain with suspicion of acute pancreatitis seen in emergency department, a negative dipstick for urinary trypsinogen-2 rules out acute pancreatitis with high degree of probability and therefore appears to be more suitable for screening of acute pancreatitis.


Keywords


Acute pancreatitis, Acute abdomen, Serum amylase, Serum lipase, Urine trypsinogen-2

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