DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20214000

A prospective study of post-operative surgical site infections after abdominal surgeries

Sanjay Jain, Rahul Shivhare, Shoranki Pardhan, Deepti Chaurasiya

Abstract


Background: Surgical site infections have plagued surgeons since time immemorial. There is significant morbidity and mortality associated with surgical site infections. In this study we tried to identify the incidence, various patient and procedure related factors, which could have led to SSIs, the various organism associated with the SSIs and their pattern of sensitivity and resistance to various antibiotics.

Methods: This study was conducted in the department of general surgery, Gandhi medical college and Hamidia hospital Bhopal. In this prospective study, we included all patients more than 12 years of age undergoing abdominal surgeries between 2018-2020. Patient data was recorded in a case recording form and all patients were examined post-operatively for soakage along with culture and antibiotic testing.

Results: A total of 299 patients were included. Overall incidence of SSI was 23.07%, elective surgeries showed 19.5% incidence and elective showed 26.08% incidence. Higher incidence of SSI was found in, male patients (25.9%), contaminated and dirty surgeries, higher ASA scores, smokers, alcoholics diabetics, anaemics, and malnourished patients. E. coli and klebsiella were the most common organisms isolated in both elective and emergency setting. Organisms isolated were highly sensitive to colistin, meropenem, imipenem, gentamicin and amikacin. Amoxycillin, ceftriaxone, doxycycline were fairly resistant in the current study.

Conclusions: Modifiable risk factors like smoking, alcoholism, anaemia, malnourishment, contaminated wound class and emergency surgeries should be addressed systematically along with judicious use of antibiotics and tailoring then according to culture profile whenever possible is needed to reduce SSI rate.


Keywords


Surgical site infections, Abdominal surgeries, SSI

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References


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