DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20221901

Pancreatectomy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma: twenty years of experience at a tertiary centre

Richard Y. Chou, Daniel Daly, Pearl Wong, Rafael Gaszynski, Christos Apostolou, Neil Merrett

Abstract


Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) accounts for approximately 90% of primary renal malignancies, of which the clear cell subtype is most common. While metastatic disease is common at the time of diagnosis and generally confers a poor prognosis, metastatic RCC may demonstrate relatively indolent behaviour and present many years after resection of the primary tumour, including to the pancreas. The available literature suggested that surgical resection was appropriate for select patients, including those with a solitary pancreatic metastasis, minimal comorbidities and uncomplicated progress from initial treatment of their primary renal malignancy. A retrospective case series of patients presenting with RCC metastases to the pancreas, managed via surgical resection at a tertiary teaching hospital was reviewed. Analysis of patient demographics, investigations, management and outcomes were performed, with a focus on post-operative morbidity and overall survival. Between 2000 and 2020, 7 patients underwent pancreatic resection of RCC metastases at our tertiary teaching hospital with curative intent. Median age at time of resection was 66 years. No post-operative mortality or major morbidity was experienced by the 7 patients, although 4 patients developed some degree of pancreatic insufficiency. Four patients experienced recurrent metastatic RCC, with median time to recurrence of 3.5 years. This was the largest local study to describe an Australian experience of the surgical management of RCC pancreatic metastases. These patients are frequently afforded prolonged survival following pancreatic resection, but often develop other distant sites of disease and second renal tumours.

 


Keywords


Pancreatectomy, Metastatic renal cell carcinoma, Tumour

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References


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